Foundation and early years
Team Madrid F. C. 1905 to 1906. In the picture: Berraondo Mayor Joaquin Yarza, Paragas, Prast, Alonso, Scrambled, Armando Giralt, Manolo Yarza, Normand, and “Patache” Giralt.
In 1897 a group of youths from the Free Institution of Education founded the first football club in Madrid, the Sky Ball Foot, 17 who started training in the vicinity of the neighborhood Vallecas.18 In 1901 members of the left Sky to found another team, which was christened Madrid Foot-Ball Club18 and pulsed Julián Palacios association was legalized on March 6, 1902.19 In its first Extraordinary General Meeting was elected the first president Juan Padrós officer and agreed to the uniform team white pants and shirt (imitation of the Corinthians of London), blue socks and a hat and a purple band on the coat of embroidered colores.19 Madrid
In 1902 he obtained his first official title, the Central Regional Championship. On May 21, 1904 participated in the founding of FIFA, with the federations of Belgium, Denmark, France, Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland. That year FC merged with Modern, Amicale and Moncloa, to cover the low to the resignation of some members, 20 and father was named Charles presidente.21 then won his first national title, the King of Cups years 1905, 1906, 1907 and 1908.21 17 The following year the team led by Arthur Johnson22 split regional championships in Gymnastics in Madrid and Racing Club de Madrid, and did not get the Cup until 1917.
King Alfonso XIII of Spain.
On June 29, 1920, the club received a letter from the King of Spain Alfonso XIII
His Majesty the King (q. D. g.) was served with the utmost indulgence granted the title Royal to the Football Club, of which V. worthy president, which, hereinafter, may precede its name. Royal Order of what to V participated for their information and appropriate action. God bless V. many years.2
Since that time and the club acquired its present name, Real Madrid. After the event, Peter Parages club president (1916-1926), named him honorary president of society.2 Under the direction of Juan de Cárcer23 capital team dominated the regional championships during the 1920’s, though never managed to win the Cup During those years the club began to make extensive tours of Europe and America to be released elsewhere in the world.24 25
First league titles
In 1929 he participated in the inaugural league championship in Spain, where it finished in second place behind the F. C. Barcelona, ??and Gaspar Rubio, his new contract, a maximum anotador.26 27 With the start of a new season the club made many signings, but most hiring, and one of the largest of its time, 28 was goalkeeper of the international Ricardo Zamora Spanish, for which they paid 150,000 pesetas to Espanyol Despite the large investment Barcelona.27 Real Madrid had a discrete participation.
In 1931, with the establishment of the Second Spanish Republic, Real Madrid lost the title of “Royal” and renamed Madrid football club again. With the big contracts for Ciriaco Errasti, Jacinto Quincoces, 29 Luis Regueiro, 30 Hilario, 31, and Manuel Olivares Led Lippo Lapeña.32 Hertzka obtained League 1931/32, the first in Madrid, undefeated. The success was repeated in the 1932/33 season with Robert Firth on the bench, and Olivares was consecrated as the first scorer of the team. Later runners won three consecutive (1933-34, 1934-35 and 1935-36) and devoted again, after 17 years, cup winners in 1934 and 1936 after beating Valencia C. F. and F. C. Barcelona respectively. With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War sports activities were suspended from 1936 to 1939 and after the end of the club regained its title of “Royal.”
Playing the office of Santiago Bernabeu.
The war left Real Madrid without several of their stars, so he decided to hire many players, including Sabino Barinaga said the midfielder, who arrived from Southampton FC in England. On September 15, 1943 the ex-footballer and former coach was named president Santiago Bernabeu unanimously, ushering in a more prosperous stage of the Cup in the domestic club.33 get the bicampeonato (1946, 1947), 34 without But in the league suffered poor results during the 1947-48 campaign spent big trouble in the first round and the lack of results Quincoces Jacinto, with just one year in office, resigned from the leadership técnica.35 In January 1948 Michael English relieved Keeping in office Quincoces, with its classic line-WM, unprecedented in the Spanish football team saved the descenso.34 Although he had stars like Pahiño, or Luis Miguel Muñoz Molowny, merengue table spent the next years between computers in the mid-table.
El Madrid de Di Stefano
Alfredo di Stefano costumes in the club museum.
On March 6, 1952, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of its founding, the team hosted an international tournament merengue, who lost to CD Los Millonarios Colombia.36 hired in 1953 Alfredo di Stefano Millionaire, and Spanish Francisco Gento Racing de Santander, two millions operaciones.37 38 With “Joseíto” Molowny, Di Stefano and Gento, meringues get the 53/54 league after 21 years.39 Di Stefano was crowned top scorer of the tournament title repeated four more times in Madrid.
Under the direction of Spanish coach José Villalonga, and a team of players like Juan Alonso, “Marquitos” Rafael Lesmes, Miguel Muñoz, José María Zarraga, “Joseito” Alfredo di Stefano and Hector Rial Francisco Gento, Real Madrid achieved the conquest of 1954-55 and 1956-57 league, and Latin Cups 1955 and 1956. He also participated in the first two editions of the European Cup, which won them by beating Stade de Reims in the French league in the Parc des Princes and ACF Fiorentina París40 of Serie A in the same Bernabéu41 in Santiago Tournament 1955-56 and 1956-57. Argentina’s Luis Villalonga Carniglia relieved and with the additions of Raymond Kopa, José Santamaría43 42 and Ferenc Puskas, 44 team won the 1957-58 and beat AC Milan and again at Reims italiano45, 46 in the finals of the Cup Europe 1958 and 1959, respectively.
Amancio Amaro, Madrid captain of the Yé-Yé.
From the 1966/67 League began a new era in Real Madrid.40 Muñoz gave relief to the old idols of Madrid with a team of young Spanish people like Joseph Araquistáin, “Pachin” Pedro de Felipe, Manuel Sanchis , “Pirri”, Ignacio Zoco Francisco Serena, Amancio Amaro, Ramon Grosso and Manuel Velazquez, all led by the veteran Francisco Gento.
In 1966 the group returned to win the European Cup and after the withdrawal of di Stefano that year with RCD Espanyol. That team was popularly known as the Yé-Yé. It opened the flag of basketball. In the 70’s, Real Madrid won 5 League Cups and 3. On June 2, 1978 Santiago Bernabéu died during the World Championships in Argentina 1978. Soon after, in September, Luis Carlos became president of Madrid. During the reign of Louis Charles (1978-1985), the team won 2 Leagues, 2 Cups and one UEFA Cup. In those years he was forming the Quinta del Vulture: Emilio Butragueño (the “Vulture”), Michel, Manuel Sanchis, Rafael Martín Vázquez and Miguel Pardeza. In 1981, Real Madrid was defeated in the final of the Champions League against Liverpool FC 1-0.
La Quinta del Vulture (1980-1990)
Main article: Fifth Vulture
Emilio Butragueño player representative of the Quinta del Vulture.
Vicente del Bosque, former player and coach of Real Madrid
La Quinta del Vulture was one of the best generations of home-grown Real Madrid to win the Second Division title in 1984 with Real Madrid Castilla, the subsidiary of the Club. That generation won five consecutive league (1986-1990) King’s Cup (1989) and a second title of the UEFA Cup in 1986. In 1985, Luis Carlos retired from the presidency by his advanced age and was succeeded by Ramon Mendoza (1985-1995). In addition, this generation was part of Mexican striker Hugo Sanchez, from Atletico Madrid. In 1988, Real Madrid was just a way to contest the final of the European Cup but was eliminated by the away goals rule in the semifinals against PSV Eindhoven, future champion of that issue.
Long back to the top (1990-2000)
The series of victories was broken in 1991 with the Dream Team F. C. Barcelona led by Johan Cruyff managed to win four consecutive league titles and one European Cup in 1992. During those years, the Madrid only won a Copa del Rey in 1993. Also, lost the league in 1992 and 1993 in the last game against the C. D. Tenerife. At the end of that dark time, the Quinta del Vulture was dissolved with the departure of Butragueño, Michel Vasquez and the set target. However, another big player in history came from the quarry white: Raúl González Blanco. In 1995, he returned to Madrid win the league under the coaching of Jorge Valdano sport after a major restructuring with the signings of Laudrup, Amavisca and Redondo.
However, for the 1995/1996 season the team and not reinforced nearly Valdano was fired while Mendoza resigned because of poor scores and the huge debt accumulated for Real Madrid and was succeeded by Lorenzo Sanz. Real Madrid finished the season outside the European places, so it is not played in any European competition next season. After a radical restructuring of sport, Madrid won the Liga 1996/1997 being directed by Fabio Capello, but he left the club due to their discussions and conflicts with Sanz and was succeeded by Jupp Heynckes.
The white team led by Heynckes won the seventh European Cup (Champions League renamed) in 1998, winning the final against Juventus in Turin by a solitary goal he scored on 66 minutes of the meeting Predrag Mijatovic, breaking drought 32 years without winning it, 47 but was fired for poor performance league. After a season without a title, Vicente del Bosque merengue came to the bench in November 1999, making a debut to promising young goalkeeper Iker Casillas. Forest managed to conquer the Eighth European Cup in 2000 after defeating 3-0 in the final against Valencia CF in París.48 Shortly after Florentino Perez was elected president of Real Madrid with a promise to end the club’s debt soaring and signing Luis Figo, and captain of FC emblem Barcelona.
Galactic Era (2000-2006)
Main article: Galactic Era Real Madrid
On July 16, 2000 held new presidential elections. Sanz lost his re-election to Florentino Perez, who from this moment became the fourteenth president of Real Madrid.49 immediately Brazilian Flávio Conceição hired Deportivo La Coruna, Frenchman Claude Makelele Celta Vigo and Albert Celades of F. C. Barcelona. But hiring more impact was the Portuguese winger Luis Figo, which was paid 60 million euros to F. C. Barcelona.50 This started the Galactic Era. League champions were 2000/2001 and as top scorer Raul.
After tough negotiations, in mid 2001, the club is done with the services of French playmaker Zinedine Zidane.51 52 operation amounted to EUR 73.5 million, making his time in the most expensive signing in the history of football .53 The signings of Figo, Zidane, Ronaldo and Beckham (four galaxies) helped cement the Real Madrid and make it one of the most prestigious clubs in the world. It worked to great effect and the team won two league titles (2000/2001 and 2002/2003) 54 and the ninth European Cup in 2002 against Bayer Leverkusen thanks to a goal from Zidane volley historic right at the end of the first half 55 56 After that the mother spent 3 consecutive seasons without a title, one of the worst losing streak in its history, prompting the resignation of Florentino on February 27, 2006.
The league bicampeonato with Calderon (2006-2009)
With Ramon Calderon as president, the club won two League titles: (2006/2007 and 2007/2008) 57 58 and Super Spain (2008) with two different techniques (Capello and Schuster), despite the obvious failures in the Champions League. In the 2008/2009 season, there was a scandal over possible entry of ultras in the Extraordinary Assembly of December 2008, which forced the resignation of Calderon in January 2009 and was succeeded by Vicente Boluda. He organized the transition to return to the presidency of Florentino Perez as the only candidate in the 2009 elections.
Second Galactic Era (2009-present)
Main article: Second Age Galactic Real Madrid
With the return of Florentino Perez for the 2009/2010 season, the club bought Cristiano Ronaldo, had long sought by Calderon, and Kaka, breaking records for the most expensive players in history (Cristiano Ronaldo 96 million euros, Kaka 67.2 million euros). Also, among other expensive signings include Karim Benzema (35 million) and Xabi Alonso (34 million euros). As he signed to coach Manuel Pellegrini, Villarreal from the C. F., thus beginning the Second Age Galactic best wishes. However, it was not enough and Real Madrid failed to win a title in 2010, despite having added 96 points in the league, a record surpassed only by the 99 champion. The good league season contrasts with the early eliminations Cup (Alcorcón) and Champions League (Olympique Lyon), the sixth consecutive time falling eliminated in second round of the continental showpiece. Pellegrini ended up being removed and wine instead José Mourinho, of which 8 million paid by some 60 or 16 according fuentes59 62 otras.61 dismissed two players also emblematic Raul and Guti.
After 18 years, manage to win the Copa del Rey Football, winning the final, played in Mestalla, FC Barcelona 0-1 with a goal from Cristiano Ronaldo in the first part of the extension. This is the first title in the second stage of Florentino Perez as the first title from Jose Mourinho at Real Madrid.
In the 2011–12 La Liga season, Real Madrid won La Liga for a record 32nd time in the league’s history, also finishing the season with numerous club-level records set, including 100 points reached in a single season, a total of 121 goals scored, a goal difference of +89 and 16 away wins, with 32 wins overall. In the same season, Cristiano Ronaldo become the fastest player to reach 100 goals scored in Spanish league history. In reaching 101 goals in 92 games, Ronaldo surpassed Real Madrid legend Ferenc Puskás, who scored 100 goals in 105 games. Ronaldo set a new club mark for individual goals scored in one year (60), and became the first player ever to score against all 19 opposition teams in a single season.
Real Madrid began the 2012–13 season winning the Supercopa de España, defeating Barcelona on away goals, but finished as second in the league competition. A major transfer of the season was signing from Tottenham Hotspur of Luka Modri? for a fee in the region of £33 million. In the Champions League, they were drawn in the “group of death” alongside Borussia Dortmund, Manchester City and Ajax, finishing second with three points behind Dortmund. In the round of 16, they defeated Manchester United, Galatasaray in the quarter-finals, and reached their third-straight semi-final finish in the Champions League, when they were again stopped by Dortmund. After a disappointing extra time loss to Atlético Madrid in the 2013 Copa del Rey Final, Pérez announced the departure of José Mourinho at the end of the season by “mutual agreement.”
Ancelotti, Zidane and three Champions League titles (2013–present)
On 25 June 2013, Carlo Ancelotti succeeded Mourinho to become the manager of Real Madrid on a three-year deal. A day later, he was introduced at his first press conference for Madrid where it was announced that both Zinedine Zidane and Paul Clement will be his assistants. On 1 September 2013, the long-awaited transfer from Tottenham of Gareth Bale was announced. The transfer of the Welshman was reportedly the new world record signing, with the transfer price approximated at €100 million. In Ancelotti’s first season at the club, Real Madrid won the Copa del Rey, with Bale scoring the winner in the final against Barcelona. On 24 May, Real Madrid defeated city rivals Atlético Madrid in the 2014 Champions League Final, winning their first European title since 2002, and becoming the first team to win ten European Cups/Champions League titles, an achievement known as “La Décima“.
After winning the 2014 Champions League, Real Madrid signed goalkeeper Keylor Navas, midfielder Toni Kroos and attacking midfielder James Rodríguez. The club won the 2014 UEFA Super Cup against Sevilla, the club’s 79th official trophy. During the last week of the 2014 summer transfer window, Real Madrid sold two players key in the previous season’s successes—Xabi Alonso to Bayern Munich and Ángel Di María to Manchester United. This decision from the club was surrounded by controversy, with Cristiano Ronaldo stating, “If I was in charge, maybe I would have done things differently,” while Carlo Ancelotti admitted, “We must start again from zero.”
After a slow start to the 2014–15 La Liga season, which included defeats to Atlético Madrid and Real Sociedad, Real Madrid went on a record-breaking 22-game winning streak, which included wins against Barcelona and Liverpool, surpassing the previous Spanish record of 18 successive wins set by Frank Rijkaard’s Barça in the 2005–06 season. The streak came to an end in their opening game of 2015 with a loss to Valencia, leaving the club two short of equalling the world record of 24 consecutive wins. The club failed to retain the Champions League (losing to Juventus in the semi-finals) and the Copa del Rey, and also failed to land the league title (finishing two points and a place behind champions Barcelona), shortcomings that all preceded Ancelotti’s sacking on 25 May 2015.
On 3 June 2015, Rafael Benítez was confirmed as the new Real Madrid manager, signing a three-year contract. Real Madrid remained unbeaten in the league until a 3–2 loss at Sevilla in the 11th matchday. This was followed by a 0–4 home loss in the first Clásico of the season against Barcelona. In the Copa del Rey Round of 32, Real fielded an ineligible player in Denis Cheryshev in a 1–3 first leg win away against Cádiz, resulting in the second leg being cancelled and Real being disqualified.
Benítez was sacked on 4 January 2016, following allegations of unpopularity with supporters, displeasure with players and a failure to get good results against top sides. At the time of sacking, Real were third in La Liga, four points behind leaders Atlético Madrid and two points behind arch-rivals Barcelona (with a game in hand).
On 4 January 2016, Benítez’s departure was announced along with the promotion of Zinedine Zidane to his first head coaching role.Zidane previously worked as assistant to Benítez’s predecessor Carlo Ancelotti and, since 2014, had occupied the helm of reserve team Real Madrid Castilla. Zidane’s coaching debut for Madrid was marked by a 5–0 home victory over Deportivo in La Liga on 9 January 2016. Under Zidane, Real ended up finishing in second place, just 1 point behind champions Barcelona, in the 2015–16 La Liga. On 28 May, Real Madrid won their 11th Champions League title, extending their record for most successes in the competition, with the achievement being termed La Undécima.
Real began their 2016–17 campaign, which was to be Zidane’s first full season in charge of Real Madrid, with a 3–2 win over Sevilla to claim the 2016 UEFA Super Cup. On 10 December 2016, Madrid won 3–2 against Deportivo de La Coruña, which was their 35th straight match without a loss, which set a new club record. On 18 December 2016, Madrid defeated Japanese club Kashima Antlers 4–2 in the final of the 2016 FIFA Club World Cup. With a 3–3 draw at Sevilla on 12 January 2017, Madrid’s unbeaten run extended to 40, breaking FC Barcelona’s Spanish record of 39 games unbeaten in all competitions from the previous season. Their unbeaten streak ended, following a 1–2 away loss against Sevilla in La Liga three days later. In May that year, Madrid won the 2016–17 La Liga for a record 33rd time, their first in five years.
Coming in as defending champions, Real Madrid beat Napoli 6–2 on aggregate in the round of 16, followed by a 6–3 aggregate win over Bayern in the quarter-finals, and a 4–2 aggregate win over Atletico Madrid in the semi-finals. The victory in the Champions League Final against Juventus resulted in Real Madrid being the first team to successfully defend their title in the Champions League era, and the first to win consecutive titles in the competition since A.C. Milan in 1989 and 1990, when the tournament was known as the European Cup. Real Madrid’s title was its 12th, extending its record, and its third in four years. The achievement is also known as La Duodécima. The 2016–17 season was the greatest campaign in terms of trophies won in the history of Real Madrid, as the club attained four titles, a feat previously never achieved by Real.